- Recently,Indian Air Force’s(IAF’s) AN-32 aircraft was formally fleet certified to fly on blended aviation fuel containing up to 10% of indigenous bio-jet fuel.
- The indigenous bio-jet fuel was first produced by the Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun in 2013 but it could not be tested or certified for commercial use on aircraft due to lack of test facilities in the civil aviation sector.
- In 2018, Chief of the Air Staff had formally announced IAF’s intention to permit the use of all its resources for testing and certifying the indigenous fuel.Since then,IAF’s flight test crew and engineers have been evaluating the performance of this fuel against international standards.
- Further, IAF officials has said that the bio-fuel which will be used by AN-32 fleet would be produced from tree borne oils(TBOs) sourced from tribal areas.
- Biofuels are fuels manufactured from biomass.Biomass resources are the biodegradable fraction of products, wastes and residues from agriculture, forestry and related industries as well as the biodegradable fraction of industrial and municipal wastes.
- AN-32 is Twin engine turboprop medium tactical transport aircraft of Russian origin with a crew of five and capacity to carry 39 paratroopers or max load of 6.7 tonnes.It has a max cruise speed of 530 km/hr.
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