News: India has marked the beginning of the super year of Biodiversity with the hosting of the 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)
- Global advocacy groups have nicknamed 2020 a “super year” for activism and actions. It highlights 21 SDG targets that are expiring in 1 year. The SDGs of Climate, Ocean, Gender, life below water and land, means of implementation will be given special focus upon.
- Gender Equality (SDG 5)
- Climate Action (SDG 13)
- Responsible Consumption and Production (SDG 12)
- Life Below Water and on Land (SDGs 14 and 15)
- Means of Implementation (SDG 17)
- On the sidelines of CMS COP-13, India and Norway declared the 2020-30 decade as the “Decade of rapid action on Climate Change and Environment”
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) or the Bonn Convention
- It is an intergovernmental treaty, concluded under the aegis of the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP). It acts as a framework convention and encourages its States Parties to conclude global or regional agreements.
- It was signed in 1979 in Bonn, Germany, and entered into force in 1983
- Aim: conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats
- It is the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes.