Indonesia to move capital from Jakarta to East Kalimantan

  1. Indonesia has decided to shift its capital city from Jakarta to the province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo.
  2. The reason for shifting the capital is (a)to ensure a more equitable development amid environmental concerns (b)traffic congestion and air pollution in Jakarta and (c)Jakarta is prone to annual flooding and is one of the world’s fastest sinking cities.
  3. However,environmental groups have raised concerns about endangered species in the area.Kalimantan is one of the few places on earth where orangutans live in their natural habitat.
  4. Further,other countries that have moved their capital include (a)Nigeria – Lagos to Abuja (b)Brazil – Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia (c)Myanmar – Yangon to Naypyidaw (d)Russia – St Petersburg to Moscow and (e)Pakistan – Karachi to Islamabad.