Jammu and Kashmir delimitation process kicks off

  1. Election Commission(EC) has held internal discussions on the delimitation of constituencies ahead of elections to the new Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
  2. Delimitation means the act or process of fixing limits or boundaries of Lok Sabha and state Assembly seats.Population is the basis of redrawing of boundaries and allocation of seats. 
  3. This task of delimitation is assigned to a four-member Delimitation Commission of which one of the members represents the EC.
  4. According to the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act,2019,the number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the UT of J&K would be increased from 107 to 114.The Act also specifies that delimitation will be based on the 2011 census till 2026.
  5. The act also carries a provision for introduction of reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
  6. The exercise of delimitation will be carried out in J&K after over two decades.Although the rest of the country had undergone delimitation in 2002,J&K Assembly had passed a law putting a freeze on fresh delimitation of seats until 2026.