Home Ministry has banned the Jamaat-i-Islami as an unlawful association under
Section 3 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967. Jamaat-i-Islami is
a separatist group based in Jammu and Kashmir. According to government
officials, the separatist group had alleged role in anti-national and
subversive activities and were closely connected with militant outfits.
UAPA is a legislation to provide for the more effective prevention of certain
unlawful activities of individuals and associations and for dealing with
terrorist activities. The Act defines unlawful activity as any action by an
individual or association which is intended to bring about cession/secession or
such action as to disrupt or question the sovereignty and territorial integrity
Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 was amended in 2004 to criminalise the
raising of funds for a terrorist act, holding of the proceeds of terrorism,
membership of a terrorist organisation, support to a terrorist organisation,
and the raising of funds for a terrorist organisation.
was amended in 2008 after the Mumbai attacks. It was again amended in 2012 to
comply with the guidelines of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). The
definition of “terrorist act” was expanded to include offences that threaten
economic security, counterfeiting Indian currency, and procurement of weapons,
Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental organisation set up in 1989
to develop policies to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. India
got FATF membership in 2010 on the assurance that it would make suitable
amendments in the Act by March 2012.