60 Non-governmental organisations (NGO) from across Karnataka, has formed an
alliance called ‘Mukti’. The alliance seeks to work towards ending bonded
labour and human trafficking.
labour is generally described as a type of forced labour occurs when a person
is forced to use their physical labour to pay off a debt. According
to the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act (BLSAA), 1976, there are three
elements that go into making a labour situation bonded: a) Being
under an obligation such as repayment of loan, b) Meeting the obligation (that is, repaying
the loan) through unpaid or underpaid labour or service and c) Having
no freedom to escape the obligation.
23(1) of the Constitution prohibits “beggar” and other similar forms
of forced labour and further provides that any contravention of the said
prohibition shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
bonded labour system was abolished in India through the enactment of the Bonded
Labour System (Abolition) Act (BLSAA), 1976. The Act seeks to free all bonded
labourers, cancel their debts, establish rehabilitative measures and punish the
offender through imprisonment and fine.
The Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill,
2018 identifies trafficking for forced labour as an “aggravated” form of
The government of India has Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour Scheme, 2016
to facilitate rehabilitation of bonded labourers. Under the scheme, financial
assistance of Rs. 1 lakh is provided for rehabilitation of a rescued adult male
bonded labourer and 2 lakh for rescued for special category beneficiaries such
as children including orphans or those rescued from organized & forced
begging rings or other forms of forced child labour, and women.