News:The National Green Tribunal (NGT) is currently reeling under vacancies of judges and expert members making its four zonal benches across India non-functional.
- The National Green Tribunal(NGT) came into existence in 2010 under the National Green Tribunal act 2010.
- The act provides for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources.
- The tribunal is guided by principles of natural justice and is not bound by the mainstream code of civil procedure.
- The Tribunal is mandated to make and endeavour for disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of filing of the same.
- The tribunal has five places of sittings with New Delhi as the Principal place of sitting and Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai are the other four.
- The Tribunal comprises of the Chairperson, the Judicial Members and Expert Members.They shall hold office for a term of five years and are not eligible for reappointment.
- The chairperson is appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of India.
- Judicial and expert members are appointed on recommendations by the Selection Committee.
- Chairperson: A person who is or has been a Judge of the Supreme Court or Chief Justice of the High Court.
- Judicial Member: A person who is or has been a Judge of a High Court
- Expert Member: Qualification and experience in relevant scientific and technological field or practical experience in dealing with environmental matters.
Jurisdiction:The NGT deals with civil cases under the seven laws related to the environment, these include:
- The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,1974,
- The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act,1977,
- The Forest (Conservation) Act,1980,
- The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,1981,
- The Environment (Protection) Act,1986
- The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 and
- The Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
Note:The Wildlife (Protection) Act,1972 and Scheduled Tribes and Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 have been kept out of NGT’s jurisdiction.