The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed
Haryana chief secretary to look into the state’s inspection policy of
industries. The Chief Secretary has been asked to submit the report within a
The direction comes in the backdrop of a plea
which has alleged that industries were operating without requisite consent from
pollution control board and have caused widespread water pollution. The plea
has sought closure of industrial units running without the requisite statutory
consent under Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and Air
(Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution)
Act was enacted in 1974 to provide for the prevention and control of water
pollution and for maintaining or restoring water resources in India.
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act
was enacted in 1981 for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution in
The NGT has raised dissatisfaction over
Haryana’s inspection policy of industries and noted that it does not follow
Central Pollution Control Board’s (CPCB) mandate of inspecting highly polluting
industries once in three years. It has directed that the policy must be revised
by the Haryana State Pollution Control Board (HSPCB) in consultation with the
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) within a month.
Highly polluting industries come under the Red
Category of Industries. These industries have maximum pollution potential.
Example: Tanneries, Cement, Fertilizer industry, etc.
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate
Change (MoEFCC) has had developed the criteria of categorization of industrial
sectors based on the Pollution Index. The Pollution Index is a function of air
a) emissions (air pollutants), b) effluents (water pollutants), c) hazardous
wastes generated and consumption of resources. Based on the index industries
are categorised into a) red, b) orange, c) green and d) white.
The National Green Tribunal was established in
2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010. The responsibility of the
tribunal is to work on the disposal of cases related to environmental
protection, conservation of forests and other natural resources.