Pakistan to approach ICJ over Kashmir issue

  1. Pakistan has announced that it would take Kashmir issue to the International Court of Justice(ICJ).
  2. The tensions between India and Pakistan have escalated ever since India abrogated provisions of Article 370 of the Constitution to withdraw Jammu and Kashmir’s special status and bifurcated it into two Union Territories.
  3. This move comes after the United Nations Security Council(UNSC) held a closed-door,informal consultation on the Kashmir situation although there were no statements or outcomes.
  4. Following the UNSC meeting,India had underlined that the revocation of J&K special status was an internal matter and that these decisions have no external ramifications.
  5. ICJ was established in 1945 by the United Nations charter.It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations situated at the Peace Palace in The Hague,Netherlands.
  6. It is composed of 15 judges elected to nine-year terms of office by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council.Its objective is to settle legal disputes submitted to it by (a)states (b)duly authorized international branches and (c)UN General Assembly.