A study by the Centre for Science and
Environment (CSE) has reported that Swachh Survekshan rankings are flawed. The
study has found that the ranking system was skewed towards cities that had only
recently adopted various cleanliness measures. The survey has ranked many
cities poorly despite these cities adopting all-year round measures to promote
The study has found that top-performing cities
under Swachh Survekshan still practice unsustainable waste management practices
such as dumping in landfills. Examples include Ujjain (rank 4), Ahmedabad (6), and
Ghaziabad (13). On contrary, cities in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Sikkim that
have made efforts towards more sustainable waste management have been ranked
Further, the study advocates that comparing
waste management of large metro cities with that of small cities is largely
flawed. This is because the issues that a metro city faces are very different from
those of a small city.
Swachh Survekshan is a ranking exercise to
assess rural and urban areas for their levels of cleanliness and active
implementation of Swacch Bharat Mission. The objective of the survey is to a)
encourage large scale citizen participation and create awareness about
cleanliness, b) inculcate a spirit of healthy competition among cities and
towns towards creating cleaner cities/towns. The survey was launched in 2016.
The Ministry of Urban Development takes up the
Swachh Survekshan in urban areas while Ministry of Drinking Water and
Sanitation takes up the survey in rural areas.
Indore (Madhya Pradesh) has been awarded the
cleanest city in the country in the Swachh Survekshan 2019.