News: Union Agriculture Minister attended the eight session of the Governing Body of International Treaty of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), at Rome, Italy
About International Treaty of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA)
- It is also known as International SEED Treaty. It was adopted by the Thirty-First Session of the Conference of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 2001. It entered into force in 2004.
The Treaty aims at:
- recognizing the enormous contribution of farmers to the diversity of crops that feed the world;
- establishing a global system to provide farmers, plant breeders and scientists with access to plant genetic materials;
- Ensuring that recipients share benefits they derive from the use of these genetic materials with the countries where they have been originated.
- Multilateral System: The treaty has implemented a Multilateral System (MLS) of access and benefit sharing, among those countries that ratify the treaty, for a list of 64 of some of the most important food and forage crops essential for food security.
- Access and benefit sharing: The treaty facilitates access to the genetic materials of the 64 crops in the Multilateral System for research, breeding and training for food and agriculture.
- Farmers’ rights: The Treaty calls for protecting the traditional knowledge of these farmers, increasing their participation in national decision-making processes and ensuring that they share in the benefits from the use of plant genetic resources.
- Sustainable use: The Treaty helps maximize the use and breeding of all crops and promotes development and maintenance of diverse farming systems.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
- It was established in 1945 and is headquartered in Rome, Italy