News: US President has authorised sanctions against International Criminal Court(ICC) officials involved in investigations into possible war crimes by US troops or those of its allies.
- International Criminal Court(ICC): It is a permanent judicial body created by the 1998 Rome Statute which entered into force on July 1,2002.
- Jurisdiction: It has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for a) international crimes of genocide b) crimes against humanity c) crime of aggression and d) war crimes.
- Members: 123 nations are States Parties to the Rome Statute and recognise the ICC’s authority.The notable exceptions being the US, China, Russia and India.
- Headquarter: The Hague, Netherlands
- Funding: The court’s expenses are funded primarily by States Parties.It also receives voluntary contributions from governments, international organisations, individuals, corporations and other entities.