Vertical Farming: A silent Revolution in Agriculture

News : Vertical Farming is emerging as a silent revolution in agricultural production sector.


About Vertical Farming:

  • Vertical Farming is the process of growing agricultural crops in vertical stacks, mostly in a controlled environment.
  • Under Vertical Farming,the plants are grown indoors with or without soil. This protects the crops from incessant rains, unruly winds and dry climate.
  • The crop yield in vertical farming is also more than traditional farming as it adopts two major farming techniques namely hydroponics and aeroponics.
  • Some common choices of structures to house vertical farming systems include buildings, shipping containers, underground tunnels and abandoned mine shafts.

Need of Vertical Farming:

  • According to the United Nations, the global population is to reach 10 billion by 2050 and therefore food production should increase by 70%.
  • Hence,there is a need for technological innovation in the farming process and Vertical farming is one among those innovations.

Advantages of Vertical Farming:

  • It offers a plan to handle future food demands
  • It allows crops to grow year-round
  • It uses significantly less water
  • Weather doesn’t affect the crops
  • More organic crops can be grown
  • There is less exposure to chemicals and disease

Disadvantages of Vertical Farming:

  • It could be very costly to build and economic feasibility studies haven’t yet been completed
  • Pollination would be very difficult and costly
  • It would involve higher labor costs
  • It relies too much on technology and one day of power loss would be devastating.

Status of Vertical Farming in India:

  • In India Vertical Farming has been introduced in the year 2019. 
  • Indian Institute of Agriculture Research(ICAR) is working on techniques and adaptations to introduce in the market.However,it has still not found its application at a wider level.

Additional information:

About Hydroponics and Aeroponics:

  • Hydroponics is the technique of growing plants without soil by using water solvent which consists of mineral nutrients.
  • On the other hand,Aeroponics is a farming method where plants are grown in closed or semi-closed environment with nutrients sprayed in the air.