- Rajya Sabha has passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation Bill. It was earlier passed in the Lok Sabha
- The Bill partially amends a Presidential Order of 1954 in order to amend The Jammu and Kashmir Reservation Act, 2004. The amendments were earlier effected through an ordinance after these had been approved by the Union Cabinet in February 2019
- The bill extends reservation in jobs, promotions and education to people living 10 km from the International Border (IB) in Jammu. Earlier the benefits were only reserved for people living 10 km beyond the Line of Control (LoC) and affected by shelling and firing from across the border.
- Further, through the Presidential Order, the Cabinet applied the 77th Constitutional Amendment of 1995 to Jammu and Kashmir. It provides for benefits of reservation in promotion to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in government service.
- The Cabinet also applied the 103rd Constitutional Amendment of 2019 to J&K, which gave 10% reservation to Economically Weaker Sections among people in the general category.
- The bill has faced criticism owing to the grounds that the Centre and J&K Governor has breached Article 370 while issuing the amendment to the 1954 Presidential Order.
- Article 370 is a temporary provision granting special autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir. It specifies that except for Defence, Foreign Affairs, Finance and Communications the Indian Parliament needs the State Government’s concurrence for applying all other laws.
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