- According to a report prepared by the UN World Food Programme in collaboration with the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, going by the current trends, 31.4% under five years will still be stunted by 2022.
- The report has noted that food grain yields in India have risen 33% over the last 20 years, but are still only half of 2030 target yields.
- The report has observed that though the food production is higher than ever before, the consumer’s access to rice, wheat and other cereals has not increased at the same rate. This is because of population growth, inequality, food wastage and losses, and exports
- The average per capita consumption of energy among the poorest 30% of the population is 1811 kilo calories-much lower than the norm of 2155 kilo calories per day.
- Further, there is regional variation in stunting which is a measure of chronic malnutrition. In States like Bihar and Uttar Pradesh 48% and 46% of children are stunted. While, it is only 20% in states like Kerala and Goa.
- There are high rates of stunting among children in the poorest wealth quintile (51.4%), Scheduled Tribes (43.6%) and Scheduled Castes (42.5%), and children born to mothers with no education (51%).
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