40% of children are not fully vaccinated, says NSO report

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News: National Sample Survey (July 2017-June 2018) has released a report titled “household social consumption related to health”.

Facts:

Key Highlights of the report:

  • Full Immunisation: Across the country, only 59.2% of children under five years are fully immunised.
    • Full immunisation means that a child receives a cocktail of eight vaccine doses in the first year of life: the BCG vaccine against tuberculosis; the measles vaccine; the oral polio vaccine (OPV) , DPT/pentavalent vaccine to protect a child from diphtheria among others.
  • About 97% of children across the country received at least one vaccination mostly BCG and/or the first dose of OPV at birth.
    • However, only 67% of children are protected against measles.Only 58% got their polio booster dose while 54% got their DPT booster dose.
  • State wise: Manipur (75%), Andhra Pradesh (73.6%) and Mizoram (73.4%) recorded the highest rates of full immunisation. 
    • On the other hand, Nagaland has only 12% children who received all vaccinations followed by Puducherry(34%) and Tripura(39.6%).
  • Government Hospitals: The vast majority of these vaccinations 95% in rural India and 86% in cities were carried out in government health facilities and primary health centres.