The Supreme Court has condemned acid attacks and
viewed them as “uncivilised and heartless crimes”. The court has further added
that acid attack perpetrators do not deserve any leniency.
The Supreme Court has observed this while asking
two convicts to pay Rs. 1.5 lakh each as additional compensation to the acid attack
victim. The convicts had thrown acid on a girl in 2004 in Himachal Pradesh.
They have already undergone five-year rigorous imprisonment.
The Supreme Court has further directed the state
government to pay compensation to the acid attack survivor under the Victim
The Victim Compensation scheme seeks to provide financial
support to victims of various crimes such as rape, gang rape, acid attacks, and
unnatural sexual assault. The compensation part of the rehabilitation of
victims of violence is governed by provision of Section 357A of the Code of
Criminal Procedure. It states that every State Government in co-ordination with
the Central Government shall prepare a scheme for providing funds for the purpose
of compensation to the victim of crime.
In 2018, the Supreme Court approved Compensation
Scheme for Women Victims/Survivors of Sexual Assault/other Crimes. The scheme
is not linked with the trial in such cases. Under this scheme, the victim can
approach the State or District Legal Services Authority for compensation
immediately after the incident. The scheme empowers legal services authority to
take suo moto cognizance of cases of sexual assault and acid attack to grant interim
relief to victims.
Acid Attack Victims have also been included in
the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016. The act seeks to enhance the
Rights and Entitlements of disabled people and provide effective mechanism for
ensuring their empowerment and true inclusion into the society.