- A European study published in the Lancet medical journal has concluded that transmission to sexual partners does not occur when someone with HIV is on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and their virus is suppressed.
- The study was conducted 1,000 gay male couples who had sex without condoms where one partner had HIV and was taking anti-retroviral drugs to suppress it.
- An earlier phase of the study which looked at HIV transmission risk for serodifferent (one person is living with HIV and the other person is HIV-negative) heterosexual couples in the same circumstances also found zero risk.
- HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), if not treated. There are two main types of the virus: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-2.
- At present there is no effective cure for HIV, but HIV can be controlled. The medicine used to treat HIV is called antiretroviral therapy or ART.
- According to estimates by WHO and United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), 36.7 million people were living with HIV globally at the end of 2016. That same year, some 1.8 million people became newly infected, and 1 million died of HIV-related causes.
- The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS is the main advocate for accelerated, comprehensive and coordinated global action on the HIV/AIDS. It works towards a) stopping new HIV infections, b) ensure that everyone living with HIV has access to HIV treatment, c) protect and promote human rights, and d) produce data for decision making.
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