According to WHO’s preliminary global data on
measles, there has been a 300% rise in measles cases worldwide during the first
three months of 2019 compared with the same period in 2018.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease
that is spread by contact with an infected person through coughing and
sneezing. It can be entirely prevented with a two-dose vaccine.
Africa has seen a 700% increase in cases in the
first three months of 2019 compared to 2018. Further, Madagascar is the
hardest-hit country, reporting more than 69,000 cases in its ongoing measles
Other countries with most reported measles cases
include Ukraine, India, Nigeria, Kazakhstan, Chad, Myanmar, Thailand, the
Philippines and Democratic Republic of the Congo.
High number of measles cases has also been
reported from countries with high vaccination coverage; such as, Israel,
Thailand, and Tunisia. The rise in measles cases has raised widespread concerns
across globe including India.