China makes new claim in eastern border with Bhutan

News: China has made territorial claims over Sakteng wildlife sanctuary in eastern Bhutan at an online meeting of the Global Environment Facility(GEF).


  • Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary: It is located in Trashigang District, Eastern Bhutan.
  • It is listed as a tentative site in Bhutan’s Tentative List for UNESCO inclusion.
  • The sanctuary represents the easternmost temperate ecosystems and is part of the Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests ecoregion. 

Additional Facts:

  • Global Environment Facility(GEF): It is a Trust Fund established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit.
  • Aim: To help developing countries and countries with economies in transition to meet the objectives of the international environmental conventions and agreements.
  • Trustee: World Bank serves as the GEF Trustee administering the GEF Trust Fund (contributions by donors).
  • Financial Mechanism: GEF is a financial mechanism for five major international environmental conventions: 
    • Minamata Convention on Mercury
    • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants(POPs), 
    • United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity(UNCBD), 
    • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification(UNCCD) 
    • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).