- Recently,Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation(CTBTO) has offered India an observer status and access to state-of-art International Monitoring System(IMS) data.
- Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty(CTBT) is a multilateral treaty that bans all nuclear explosions for both civilian and military purposes in all environments.
- It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 September 1996.It can only enter into force after it is ratified by eight countries with nuclear technology capacity, namely China, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, North Korea, Pakistan and the United States.
- China, Egypt, Iran, Israel and the United States have signed but not ratified the Treaty.India,North Korea and Pakistan have not signed it.
- According to CTBT, each State Party undertakes not to carry out any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion, and to prohibit and prevent any such nuclear explosion at any place under its jurisdiction or control.
- India has refused to sign the Treaty on the grounds that the CTBT like the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is discriminatory.While endorsing the spirit of test-ban and self-imposed moratorium on tests,India has said it would join the treaty only if there was no discrimination in favour of the five ‘nuclear weapon states’ in fulfilling the obligations for complete elimination of nuclear weapons.
- The Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is an international organization headquartered in Vienna, Austria.It promotes the Treaty so that it can enter into force.It has also established a verification regime to monitor adherence to the Treaty
- The International Monitoring System (IMS) is a worldwide network of monitoring stations that will help to verify compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) by detecting events that might indicate violations of the Treaty.
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