Union Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
(CCEA) has cleared the Dam Safety Bill, 2019
The bill aims to put in place a systematic
procedure to ensure that dams in India are made and maintained safely.
The Bill provides for the constitution of a
National Committee on Dam Safety. Functions of the Committee include: a) formulating
policies and regulations regarding dam safety standards and prevention of dam
failures, and b) analysing causes of major dam failures and suggesting changes
in dam safety practices.
The Bill also provides for establishing a
National Dam Safety Authority as a regulatory body to implement the policy. The
bill also provides for establishing State Dam safety Organizations (SDSO).
Functions of the SDSOs include: a) keeping
perpetual surveillance, inspecting, and monitoring the operation and
maintenance of dams, b) keeping a database of all dams, and c) recommending
safety measures to owners of dams.
The Bill lays the onus of the dam safety on the
dam owner and requires the owners of specified dams to provide a dam safety
unit in each dam.
The Bill provides penalties for commission and
omission of certain acts. Offenders will be punishable with imprisonment of up
to one year or a fine, or both.