Explained: Kalapani, a small area in India map that bothers Nepal

News:Nepal government has objected to the inclusion of ‘Kalapani’ under the Indian Territory as per the newly released political map of India after the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir.


About Kalapani territory:

  • Kalapani is a 35 square kilometre area.The Kali River in the Kalapani region demarcates the border between India and Nepal.
  • Both India and Nepal claim Kalapani as an integral part of their territories with India as part of Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh district and Nepal as part of the Darchula district. 
  • The Treaty of Sugauli signed by the Kingdom of Nepal and British India (after Anglo-Nepalese War) in 1816 located the Kali River as Nepal’s western boundary with India. 
  • However,the discrepancy in locating the source of the river led to boundary disputes between India and Nepal with each country producing maps supporting their own claims.
  • The Prime Ministers of both the countries discussed the issue in 2000, with Indian PM assuring Nepal that India would not occupy even an inch of Nepal. 
  • Five years ago,the matter was referred to a new mechanism comprising foreign secretaries of both sides.