Explained: Report on illegal global tiger trade counts 2,359; highest in India

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  1. A recent report titled ‘Skin and Bones Unresolved:An Analysis of Tiger Seizures from 2000-2018’ has quantified the illegal global trade in tigers and tiger parts between 2000 and 2018.
  2. The report has been compiled by TRAFFIC in partnership with the World Wildlife Fund(WWF) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN).
  3. The report says that tigers are listed in Appendix I of CITES,which bans all commercial international trade for member countries.
  4. However,data have revealed an increase in tiger captive breeding to fuel demand for various tiger products.
  5. The report provides that overall 2,359 tigers were seized from 2000 to 2018 across 32 countries and territories globally.Apart from live tigers and whole carcasses,tiger parts were seized in various forms such as skin,bones or claws.
  6. The top three countries with the highest number of seizure incidents were India followed by China and Indonesia.India is the country with the highest number of seizure incidents at 463 or 40% of all seizures.
  7. TRAFFIC was founded in 1976 as a strategic alliance of the World Wide Fund for Nature(WWF) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).It works to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature.