Explained: What carbon numbers mean for climate target

News: According to State of Forest Report (SFR) 2019, carbon stock in India’s forests have increased from 7.08 billion tonnes in 2017, to 7.124 billion tonnes in 2019.


  • Carbon stock is the quantity of carbon contained in a carbon pool.
  • Carbon pool: It is a reservoir or system which has the capacity to accumulate or release carbon
  • Carbon sink: It is any system that absorbs more carbon than it emits. The main natural carbon sinks are soil, forests and oceans.

Additional Information:

India’s intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under Paris Agreement

  •  reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33% to 35% by 2030 from 2005 level,
  • increase total cumulative electricity generation from fossil free energy sources to 40% by 2030,
  • Create additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tons through additional forest and tree cover.