Telling Numbers: Projected drop in male tobacco use underlines shifting trends

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News: World Health Organization has launched “Global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025 third edition”

Facts:

Key highlights:

  • The tobacco use prevalence was at 33.3% in 2000 and is projected to reach 20.9% in 2025.
  • India had a 44% prevalence of tobacco use in 2000, and, this is expected to reduce to 22.3% by 2025.

Additional Information:

Tobacco Control in India

Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, 2003 (COTPA)

  • It prohibits advertisement of cigarettes and other tobacco products in India.
  • Smoking in public places (including indoor workplaces) is prohibited.

Pictorial warnings: Pictorial warnings on both sides of packages of cigarettes, bidis and all forms of chewing tobacco products is compulsory and currently covers 85% of the packet.

Global Initiative:

WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), 2003

  • Objective: To provide a framework for supply and demand reduction measures for tobacco control at the national, regional and global levels.
  • India is a signatory.

MPOWER: It is a package of selected demand reduction measures put forward by WHO. It includes:

  • Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies
  • Protect people from tobacco smoke
  • Offer help to quit tobacco use
  • Warn about the dangers of tobacco
  • Enforce bans on tobacco advisement, promotion and sponsorships
  •  Raise taxes on tobacco