News: World Health Organization has launched “Global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025 third edition”
- The tobacco use prevalence was at 33.3% in 2000 and is projected to reach 20.9% in 2025.
- India had a 44% prevalence of tobacco use in 2000, and, this is expected to reduce to 22.3% by 2025.
Tobacco Control in India
Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, 2003 (COTPA)
- It prohibits advertisement of cigarettes and other tobacco products in India.
- Smoking in public places (including indoor workplaces) is prohibited.
Pictorial warnings: Pictorial warnings on both sides of packages of cigarettes, bidis and all forms of chewing tobacco products is compulsory and currently covers 85% of the packet.
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), 2003
- Objective: To provide a framework for supply and demand reduction measures for tobacco control at the national, regional and global levels.
- India is a signatory.
MPOWER: It is a package of selected demand reduction measures put forward by WHO. It includes:
- Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies
- Protect people from tobacco smoke
- Offer help to quit tobacco use
- Warn about the dangers of tobacco
- Enforce bans on tobacco advisement, promotion and sponsorships
- Raise taxes on tobacco