News:In Assam, over 2,900 pigs have died due to African Swine Fever (ASF). This is the first time that an ASF outbreak has been reported in India.
- African Swine Fever: It is a highly contagious and fatal animal disease that infects and leads to an acute form of hemorrhagic fever in domestic and wild pigs.
- Causes: It is caused by a large DNA virus of the Asfarviridae family.
- Transmission: It is transmitted to pigs through:
- direct contact with infected domestic or wild swines
- indirect contact through ingestion of contaminated substances or
- contaminated material such as food waste, feed or garbage or through biological vectors such as ticks.
- Human Transmission:It is not a threat to human beings since it only spreads from animals to other animals.
- Mortality Rate:It is close to 100% and since the fever has no cure, the only way to stop it spreading is by culling the animals.
- Difference: ASF is differentiated from Classical Swine Fever(CSF), whose signs may be similar to ASF but is caused by a different virus for which a vaccine exists.
- The disease is listed in the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Terrestrial Animal Health Code and thus reported to the OIE.
World Organisation for Animal Health(OIE):
- It is an intergovernmental organisation created in 1924 for improving animal health worldwide.
- Members: In 2018,the OIE consists of 182 Member Countries and Territories.India is one of the member countries.
- Headquarters: Paris,France.
- It is also recognised as a reference organisation by the World Trade Organization(WTO).