Explained: What is non-personal data?

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News: The committee headed by Kris Gopalakrishnan has submitted its draft report on framing rules on non-personal data governance.

Facts:

  • Non-Personal Data: It is any set of data which does not contain personally identifiable information.This means that no individual or living person can be identified by looking at such data.
  • Recommendations of committee: 
    • The non-personal data generated in the country can be allowed to be harnessed by various domestic companies and entities.
    • To set up a new authority which would be empowered to monitor the use and mining of such non-personal data.
  • Categories: The committee has classified non-personal data into three main categories:
    • Public Non-Personal Data: All the data collected by government and its agencies such as census, data collected by municipal corporations on the total tax receipts in a particular period or any information collected during execution of all publicly funded works
    • Community Non-Personal Data: Any data about a set of people who have either the same geographic location, religion, job or other common social interests.For example, the data collected by ride-hailing apps, electricity distribution companies among others.
    • Private non-personal data: It can be defined as those which are produced by individuals which can be derived from application of proprietary software or knowledge.