- According to WHO’s E-2020 initiative: 2019 progress report, 5 countries viz. China, Iran, Malaysia Timor-Leste and El Salvador reported no indigenous cases of malaria in 2018.
- China and El Salvador reported zero cases for the second consecutive year; Iran, Malaysia and Timor-Leste had zero cases of malaria for the first time in 2018.
- In 2015, the World Health Assembly approved a Global Technical Strategy for Malaria to eliminate malaria by 2030. The strategy targeted 2020 to eliminate malaria in at least 10 countries.
- In 2016, WHO launched E-2020 initiative to scale up efforts eliminate malaria by 2020. The 21 countries were identified by WHO in 2016 as having the potential to become malaria-free by 2020. India is not among the 21 countries under E-2020 initiative.
- Recently, the WHO declared Algeria as malaria-free. It became the second E-2020 country to achieve certification, after Paraguay.
- Uzbekistan and Argentina though not E-2020 countries, were also awarded the malaria-free certification in 2018 and 2019, respectively.
- Countries that have achieved at least 3 consecutive years of 0 local cases of malaria are eligible to apply for the WHO certification of malaria elimination.
- Malaria is disease caused by Plasmodium parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
- According to the World Malaria Report 2018, more than 200 million people were affected by malaria in 2017. India (4%) along with Nigeria Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique, and Uganda accounted for nearly 50% of all malaria cases worldwide.
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