G7 Summit: PM Modi highlights India’s efforts towards eliminating single use plastic

  1. At a special session on ‘Biodiversity, Oceans and Climate’ during the G7 summit in France, Indian Prime Minister highlighted the country’s  efforts to eliminate single-use plastic, conserve water, harness solar energy and, protect the flora and fauna for a sustainable development.
  2. Indian Prime Minister also sought the setting up of a global coalition of disaster resilient infrastructure. Further, he advocated creation of a pool of trained volunteers to help people recover after a natural disaster.
  3. Indian Prime Minister also asserted that India would achieve, within the next two years, its climate change goals set under Paris Agreement.
  4. As a commitment to the Paris Agreement (2015), nations have to put forward national climate actions they intend to take to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. These are called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs).
  5. India’s INDCs include a) reduce the greenhouse gas emissions intensity of its GDP by 33% to 35% by 2030 from 2005 level, b)increase total cumulative electricity generation from fossil free energy sources to 40% by 2030, c) create additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tons through additional forest and tree cover.
  6. The Paris agreement (2015) is an international agreement with the framework of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. It seeks to combat climate change and accelerate the actions and investments needed for a sustainable low carbon future. India ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2016.
  7. The Group of 7(G7) is a group consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom and the United States. India is not a member of G7 and is a special invitee at the recent G& summit.