Great Indian Bustard

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News: Conservation efforts are having a positive impact on Great Indian Bustard population in India

Facts:

Conservation Efforts in India

Bustard Recovery Programme:

Initiated by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in 2015, it is a programme for Great Indian Bustard, Lesser Florican and Bengal Florican. It recommends:

  •  linking local livelihoods with bustard conservation
  • state governments to identify the core breeding areas for bustards and keep them inviolate from human disturbances
  • Restriction on infrastructure development and land use diversion for roads, high tension electric poles, intensive agriculture, wind power generators and construction.

Project Great Indian Bustard: It is a Rajasthan government project launched in 2018. It envisages constituting enclosures and securing inviolate areas to ensure successful breeding of birds in the Desert National Park

Additional Information

Types of Bustards Found in India

NameCharacteristicsGeographical ExtentIUCN Status
Great Indian Bustard#State Bird of RajasthanCan be distinguished by its black crown on the forehead contrasting with the pale neck and headOne of the heaviest flying birds (weighing up to 15kgs)# Endemic to Indian subcontinentRajasthan (Desert National park), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh in India and parts of PakistanCritically Endangered
Lesser Florican# Smallest in the bustard family# Endemic to Indian subcontinentRajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra andEndangered
Bengal FloricanMostly black in colour with largely white wings # Endemic to Indian subcontinentTerai and the Brahmaputra valley (Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.) Considered to be extinct in Bangladesh.Critically Endangered
MacQueen’s BustardPale sandy in colourFound in desert and steppe regions of Asia Winter migrant to the desert regions of Rajasthan and GujaratVulnerable

Great Indian Bustard, Lesser Florican and Bengal Florican – They are listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.