Idea of dividing Kashmir has a chequered history

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  1. The Parliament has passed the Jammu and Kashmir (Reorganisation) Bill,2019.The bill bifurcates the State into two separate union territories of Jammu and Kashmir(with legislature) and Ladakh (without legislature).
  2. However,the idea of dividing Jammu and Kashmir into two or more parts traces its origin to the Dixon Plan of 1950. 
  3. Owen Dixon was an Australian jurist chosen by the United Nations to mediate between India and Pakistan on the J&K issue.In his report of September 1950,he has suggested a package which did not find acceptance from India. 
  4. The Plan had assigned Ladakh to India and northern areas and Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir to Pakistan besides splitting Jammu between the two.It had proposed a plebiscite in Kashmir valley.
  5. Further,B.R. Ambedkar after quitting as Law Minister from the government had suggested the formation of three zones namely (a)the area held by Pakistan (b)the Valley and (c)Jammu-Ladakh.He had also favoured a plebiscite only in the Valley.
  6. In 1983,former President R.Venkataraman had also floated the concept of trifurcating J&K with Ladakh as a Union Territory,Jammu as a State and the Valley as a separate entity.