News:The Election Commission of India has granted the Jannayak Janta Party the status of a recognised State party in Haryana.
Conditions for recognition as a state party:For any political party to be eligible for recognition as a State Party in a state, it has to satisfy any of the five conditions listed below.
- Secure at least 6% of the valid vote & win at least 2 seats in an Assembly General Election.
- Secure at least 6% of the valid vote & win at least 1 seats in the Lok Sabha General Election
- Win at least 3% of the seats or at least 3 seats , whichever is more, in an Assembly General Election
- Win at least 1 out of every 25 seats from a state in a Lok Sabha General Election
- Secure at least 8% of the total valid vote in an Assembly or Lok Sabha General Elections.
Significance of recognition:
- The political parties are given recognition as national or state parties by the election commission of India on the basis of their poll performance.
- The recognition determines their right to certain privileges like allocation of the party symbols, provision of time for political broadcasts on television and radio stations and access to electoral rolls.
- Every national party and every state party is allotted a symbol exclusively reserved for its use throughout the country and the states respectively.
- In other words, the Commission specifies certain symbols as ‘reserved symbols’ which are meant for the candidates set up by the recognised parties.
Conditions for recognition as a national party:A party is recognised as a national party if any of the following conditions is fulfilled
- If it secures 6% of valid votes polled in any four or more states at a general election to the Lok Sabha or to the legislative assembly and in addition if it wins four seats in the Lok Sabha from any state or states or
- If it wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha at a general election and these candidates are elected from three states or
- If it is recognised as a state party in four states.