News: The National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation conducted a survey on Household Social Consumption: Education as part of 75th round of National Sample Survey (NSS).
Key takeaways from the Survey
Literacy Rate: The literacy rate among persons of age 7 years and above was 77.7%. It was 73.5% in rural and 87.7% in the urban areas.
Levels of education:
- Among persons of age 15 years and above, in rural areas, 30.6% had completed secondary or above level of education while in urban areas it was 57.5%.
- Nearly 10.6 % of the persons of age 15 years and above in India had completed level of education graduate and above. This was 5.7% in rural and 21.7% in urban areas.
- Among persons of age 3 to 35 years, 13.6% never enrolled, 42.5% ever enrolled but currently not attending while 43.9% were currently attending.
‘Free education’: Nearly 57.0% of the students in rural and 23.4% in urban areas received free education.
Expenditure on education for students of age 3 to 35 years:
- In rural areas, the average expenditure per student pursuing a general course in the current academic year was Rs. 5,240 while in urban areas it was Rs. 16,308.
- In rural areas, the average expenditure per student pursuing technical/professional course in the current academic year was Rs. 32,137 while in urban areas it was Rs. 64,763.
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
- Nearly 4.4% of the rural households and 23.4% of the urban households had a computer.
- Nearly 14.9% of the rural households and 42.0% of the urban households had internet facility.
- In rural areas, among persons of age 5 years and above, only 9.9% were able to operate a computer in contrast to 32.4% in urban areas
National Sample Survey (NSS)
- It is a nation-wide, large-scale, continuous survey operation conducted in the form of successive rounds.
- It was established in 1950 on the basis of a proposal from Professor P.C. Mahalanobis to fill up data gaps for socio-economic planning and policy-making through sample surveys.
- Collection, processing, and publication of survey data is done by the NSSO. NSS is the largest repetitive survey operation in the world.
National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO):
- The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) was established in 1970 through a resolution. It is part of the Statistics Wing of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, called the National Statistical Organisation (NSO).
- The NSSO functions under the overall direction of a Steering Committee. The NSSO is headed by the Director General and Chief Executive Officer (DG&CEO), who is also the Member-Secretary of the Steering Committee
- The NSSO carries out socio-economic surveys, undertakes fieldwork for the Annual Survey of Industries and follow-up surveys of Economic Census and sample checks on area enumeration and crop estimation surveys.
Schedule of NSSO Surveys in Ten Years Cycle:
- Consumer Expenditure and Employment & Unemployment: Twice
- Social Consumption (health, education etc.): Twice
- Unorganized Manufacturing: Twice
- Services Sector: Twice
- Land & Livestock holdings and Debt & Investment: Once