News: The National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation conducted a Survey of Persons with Disabilities during July 2018 to December 2018 as a part of 76th round of National Sample Survey (NSS).
Key takeaways from the Survey:
- Prevalence and Incidence of Disability:
o The prevalence of disability (percentage of persons with disability in the population) was 2.2% with 2.3% in rural and 2.0% in urban areas. The prevalence was higher among males (2.4%) than females (1.9%).
o The incidence of disability was 86 per 1, 00,000 persons.
- Level of Education: Among persons with disabilities of age 7 years and above, 52.2% were literate. Only 19.3% of PwDs, aged 15years and above, had the highest educational level as secondary and above.
- Receipt of aid/help: 21.8% of persons with disabilities received aid or help from the government and over 1.8% received aid/help from organizations other than the government.
- Labour Force Participation Rate: Among 15 years and above, 23.8% disabled were found to be employed.
Note: All the specified disabilities as stated in the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 were considered in the survey.
Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016
- The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 replaced the PwD Act, 1995
- In the Act, the types of disabilities have been increased from 7 (as in PwD Act, 1995) to 21 and the Central Government has been empowered to add more types of disabilities.
- Speech and Language Disability and Specific Learning Disability have been added for the first time. Acid Attack Victims have been included. Dwarfism, muscular dystrophy has been indicated as a separate class of specified disability. Three blood disorders, Thalassemia, Hemophilia and Sickle Cell disease have also been classified as disabilities.
- Every child with benchmark disability between the age group of 6 and 18 years have been given the right to free education.
- The Act also calls to ensure accessibility in public buildings (both Government and private) in a prescribed time-frame.
- Implementation: The Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities and the State Commissioners act as regulatory bodies and Grievance Redressal agencies and also monitor implementation of the Act.
Accessible India Campaign- Sugamaya Bharat Abhiyan
- It is a nation-wide Campaign launched by the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) of the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment in 2015.
- It aims to provide universal accessibility to persons with disabilities.
- It focuses on developing an accessible physical environment, transportation system, and Information & communication ecosystem.