Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill: Centre usurping States’ rights, say MPs

  1. The Lok Sabha has passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The Bill seeks to amend the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 to provide for road safety.
  2. The Bill proposes a National Transportation Policy for ushering in guidelines on the transportation of goods and passengers. The Policy will envision a) establishing a planning framework for road transport, b) developing a framework for grant of permits, and c) specifying priorities for the transport system, among other things.
  3. The Bill has proposed that the central government should develop a scheme for cashless treatment of road accident victims during golden hour. It defines golden hour as the time period of up to one hour following a traumatic injury. During this time, the likelihood of preventing death through prompt medical care is the highest.
  4. The Bill also requires the central government to constitute a Motor Vehicle Accident Fund, to provide compulsory insurance cover to all road users in India.
  5. The Bill provides for increasing the minimum compensation in case of death in hit and run cases from the current Rs. 25,000 to Rs 2 lakh and in case of grievous injury from current Rs.12500 to Rs 50000.
  6. Further, the bill states that new vehicles should be registered at the dealer level and it will eventually remove buyers’ interface with registration authorities.
  7. The Bill also provides for a National Road Safety Board, to be created by the central government. The board will advise the central and state governments on all aspects of road safety and traffic management.
  8. The Bill also call for issuance of licenses to taxi aggregators by state. Further, they must comply with the Information Technology Act, 2000. It defines aggregators as digital intermediaries or market places which can be used by passengers to connect with a driver for transportation purposes (taxi services)