National Animal Disease Control Programme

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News:Prime Minister will launch National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis on 11 September 2019 in Mathura.

Facts:

About the Programme:

  • National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis is a 100% centrally funded programme.
  • It aims to control Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis by 2025 with vaccination and eventual eradication by 2030.

Additional information:

About Foot and Mouth Disease 

  • Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of livestock that has a significant economic impact.
  • The disease affects cattle, swine, sheep, goats and other cloven-hoofed ruminants.
  • FMD virus belongs to risk group 4 as per World Organization for Animal Health(OIE) Aphthovirus genus of the picornaviridae family.
  • FMD can spread when infected animals bring the virus into physical contact with susceptible animals. 
  • If a cow/buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is upto 100% which could last for four to six months.

Brucellosis

  • Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacterial genus Brucella.
  • The bacteria are transmitted from animals to humans by ingestion through infected food products,direct contact with an infected animal or inhalation of aerosols.
  • The disease is also known as undulant fever, Malta fever, and Mediterranean fever.
  • In case of Brucellosis the milk output reduces by 30% during the entire life cycle of animal.Brucellosis also causes infertility amongst the animals.