News:Union Health Minister has released the 14th National Health Profile (NHP),2019.
About the National Health Profile:
- The National Health Profile(NHP) has been prepared by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI).
- The National Health Profile was first published in 2005.Ever since the profile has been released every year.
- The profile provides information on demographic, socio-economic health status, health finance indicators, health infrastructure and health of human resources in the country.
Key takeaways from the Health Profile:
- The life expectancy in India has increased from 49.7 years in 1970-75 to 68.7 years in 2012-16.For the same period,the life expectancy for females is 70.2 years and 67.4 years for males.
- The Total Fertility Rate(TFR) for the country was 2.3 whereas in rural areas it has been 2.5 and 1.8 in urban areas during 2016.
- The infant mortality rate has also declined considerably at 33 per 1,000 live births in 2016.However,difference between rural (37) & urban (23) are still high.
- The highest population density of 11,320 people per square kilometre was reported by Delhi whereas Arunachal Pradesh has reported the lowest population density of 17.
- India spends only 1.28% of its gross domestic product (according to 2017-18 budget estimates) as public expenditure on health.
- Air pollution-linked acute respiratory infections contributed 68.47 per cent to the morbidity burden in the country and also to highest mortality rate after pneumonia.
- Central Bureau of Health Intelligence(CBHI) was established in 1961 by the Act of Parliament on the recommendation of Mudaliar committee.
- It is the Health Intelligence Wing under Directorate General of Health Services,Ministry of Health & Family Welfare(MoHFW).
Infant mortality rate:
- Infant mortality rate(IMR) is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.
Total fertility rate:
- Total fertility rate(TFR) is defined as the number of children born to a woman until the end of her child-bearing age.