National Population Policy

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News:Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare) has informed Rajya Sabha about the National Population Policy,2000.

Facts:

About National Population Policy,2000:

  • The policy reaffirms the Government commitment towards voluntary and informed choice approach and achievement of replacement level of fertility by simultaneously addressing the issues of contraception, maternal health and child survival.
  • The medium-term objective of the policy is to bring the Total fertility rate(TFR) to replacement levels by 2010 through vigorous implementation of inter-sectoral operational strategies. 
  • The long-term objective is to achieve a stable population by 2045 at a level consistent with the requirements of sustainable economic growth, social development and environmental protection.

Success achieved so far:

  • Total Fertility Rate(TFR):It is defined as the number of children born to a woman until the end of her child-bearing age.It has declined from 2.9 in 2005 to 2.2 in 2017.
  • States:25 out of 37 States/UTs have already achieved replacement level fertility of 2.1 or less.
  • Decadal growth rate:It gives an overview of the percentage of total population growth in a particular decade.It has declined from 21.54% in 1999-2000 to 17.64 % during 2001-11.
  • Crude Birth Rate(CBR):It indicates the number of live births occurring during the year per 1,000 population estimated at midyear.It has declined from 23.8 to 20.2 from 2005 to 2017.
  • Teenage birth rate:It is the births per 1,000 females ages 15 to 19.It has halved from 16%(NFHS III) to 8%(NFHS IV).