News: Pakistan has issued special permits to the Emir of Qatar and nine others to hunt 100 houbara bustards.
- The houbara bastard lives in arid climates and comes in two distinct species, one residing in North Africa and the other in Asia.
- African Houbara is listed as Vulnerable in IUCN Red List
- Asian Houbara is listed as Critically Endangered in IUCN Red List
Types of Bustards Found in India
|Name||Characteristics||Geographical Extent||IUCN Status|
|Great Indian Bustard #State Bird of Rajasthan||Can be distinguished by its black crown on the forehead contrasting with the pale neck and headOne of the heaviest flying birds (weighing up to 15kgs)# Endemic to Indian subcontinent||Rajasthan (Desert National park), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh in India and parts of Pakistan||Critically Endangered|
|Lesser Florican||# Smallest in the bustard family# Endemic to Indian subcontinent.||Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh||Endangered|
|Bengal Florican||Mostly black in colour with largely white wings# Endemic to Indian subcontinent||Terai and the Brahmaputra valley (Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.)Considered to be extinct in Bangladesh.||Critically Endangered|
|MacQueen’s Bustard||Pale sandy in colour||Found in desert and steppe regions of AsiaWinter migrant to the desert regions of Rajasthan and Gujarat||Vulnerable|
- Great Indian Bustard, Lesser Florican and Bengal Florican – They are listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.