News: NITI Aayog, in partnership with Population Foundation of India (PFI), is organizing a National Consultation titled “Realizing the vision of population stabilization: leaving no one behind”.
Different Approaches toFamily Planning in India:
- The Clinic Approach: In the First Five- Year, the natural method of family planning (the Rhythm Method) was propagated. It was based on the assumption that those who need family planning would visit such clinics without any hesitation.
- Extension Approach: It was outlined in the Report of the Director of Family Planning for 1962-63. It involved the adoption of an educational approach to bring about changes in the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of the people in regard to family planning.
- Integrated Approach: It was formulated in the Fifth Five-Year Plan. The Family Planning Programme was integrated into Maternal and Child Health (M.C.H.) and Nutrition Services.
- Camp Approach: Massive vasectomy camps were organized. The approach was introduced in 1971-72
- The Reproductive and Child Health Approach: Reproductive and sexual health and the rights and the provision of services were emphasized post Programme of Action Adopted at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held at Cairo in September 1994
The National Population Policy, 2000:
A number of socio-demographic goals were formulated to be achieved by 2010. These were:
- Reduce infant mortality rate (IMR) to 30 per 1,000 live births.
- Reduce maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) to below 100 per 1, 00,000 live births.
- Achieve 80% institutional deliveries