Recently, the global Multidimensional Poverty
Index (MPI) report for 2019 has been released.
According to the report, across India, the
number of people living in multidimensional poverty has decreased from 690.55
million in 2005-06 to 369.55 million in 2015-16.
Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya
Pradesh together accounted for 196 million MPI poor people
Jharkhand reduced the incidence of multidimensional
poverty from 74.9% to 46.5% between 2005-06 and 2015-16- the fastest in India.
However, the MPI report has noted that India’s
progress in health outcomes is poor. India has the second highest stunting rate
among the middle-income countries in Asia, the first being Pakistan.
Further, according to the report, the under-five
mortality rate in India still stands at 43 per 1,000 live births.
Further, malaria and tuberculosis (TB) show
India in poor light, with India scoring the worst among all Asian nations in
the middle-income group. As many as 18.8 persons per 1,000 people live in areas
vulnerable to malaria in India. Further, In India, TB affects 211 people per
10,000 people exposed to the disease.
The Global MPI Report is prepared by the United
Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human
The criterion for someone to be declared as
deprived as per MPI are as follows:(a)Education (year of schooling, child enrolment)
(b)Health (child mortality, nutrition) and (c)Standard of living (electricity, drinking
water, sanitation, flooring, cooking fuel, assets)
A person is multidimensional poor if she/he is
deprived in one third or more (means 33% or more) of the weighted indicators
(out of the ten indicators).