SC notice to MP govt over hiking OBC quota from 14% to 27%

  1. The Supreme Court has sought the Madhya Pradesh government’s response on a petition challenging the validity of the ordinance which had increased the reservation in government jobs and university admission to the Other Backward Class(OBC) category from the existing 14% to 27%
  2. The decision to increase reservation for OBCs had led to reservation in Madhya Pradesh reaching 63%.This has breached the 50% cap on reservation imposed by the Supreme Court in 1992.
  3. Earlier,on a petition challenging the same ordinance,the Madhya Pradesh High Court had directed the state government not to implement the increased quota and continue to give reservation to OBCs at the earlier 14% slab in government jobs and admissions to educational institutions.
  4. The High Court’s order staying the ordinance comes in the backdrop of a plea which had alleged that the ordinance is constitutionally impermissible.The Supreme Court in the Indira Sawhney case, had held that the power conferred to the State by Clause (4) of Article 16 should be exercised in a fair manner and within reasonable limits. The court upheld that reservation under Clause (4) shall not exceed 50% of the appointments or posts, barring certain extraordinary situations
  5. Article 16 (4) empowers the State to make provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is inadequately represented in public employment.