- The Periodic Labour Force Survey(PLFS) for 2017-18 reflects huge variations among the states in terms of the unemployment rate.The survey reflects the overall unemployment rate in India at 6.1%.
- Unemployment rate is a measure of the prevalence of unemployment and it is calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by all individuals currently in the labor force.
- The report has said that Nagaland has the highest unemployment rate among the states at 21.4%.Besides Nagaland,states with high unemployment are Goa and Manipur.
- Meghalaya has the lowest unemployment rate among the states at 1.5%. Chhattisgarh and Sikkim are among those with the lowest rates.
- If Union Territories are included in the comparison,Nagaland still tops the list while Dadra and Nagar Haveli replaces Meghalaya with a low of 0.6%.
- The unemployment rate among females has been observed lower than the males with 5.7% and 6.2% respectively.Goa and Kerala are high in female unemployment with a rate of 26% and 23.3% respectively. Meghalaya is at the bottom with 1.9%.
- The Ministry of Statistics and Programme and Implementation had launched Periodic Labour Force Survey in 2017.The data was collected by National Sample Survey Office(NSSO).
- The survey seeks to generate quarterly reports on Labour Force Indicators such as Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR),Worker Population Ratio (WPR) and Unemployment Rate (UR) in urban areas and an annual report for rural India
- Labour force participation rate is defined as the section of the working population in the age group of 16-64 in the economy currently employed or seeking employment.
13 min read