- The Supreme Court has said that it will not extend the July 31 deadline for finalisation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam.
- Further, the apex court has directed Assam NRC Co-ordinator to act with “wise discretion” while dealing with objectors who had failed to appear for scheduled hearings. The direction after the court was informed that many persons, who had objected to exclusion from the draft NRC are not coming forward before panels which are dealing with such complaints.
- The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register which contains the name of all citizens of India residing in Assam. The process of NRC update in Assam has been taken up as per a Supreme Court order in 2013. The update is being carried out under the Citizenship Act, 1955, and according to rules framed in the Assam Accord, 1985.
- Assam Accord is a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement- a movement against illegal immigrants in Assam. As per the accord, there has to be a separate NRC for Assam.
- Citizenship Act, 1955- dealing with acquisition and loss of citizenship in India- was amended in 1985 to incorporate Section 6A. This section fixes March 25, 1971 as the cut-off date for granting citizenship to Bangladeshi migrants in Assam.
- The draft Assam NRC was published on July 30, 2018 in which the names of 2.89 crore of the 3.29 crore people were included. Over 35 lakh people excluded from the draft had filed claims for Indian citizenship.
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