Sudan President Omar al-Bashir ousted, placed under arrest

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  1. The longtime president of Sudan,Omar al-Bashir was removed by the military after months of continuous protests against his rule.
  2. The military has announced that a transitional military council will run the government for the next two years.They also declared a three-month state of emergency,the suspension of the constitution and the dissolution of parliament.
  3. He was removed after protests began in December,2019 with demonstrators accusing Sudan government of economic mismanagement that has sparked food prices,fuel and foreign currency shortages.
  4. Sudan President Omar al-Bashir was also indicted by the International Criminal Court(ICC) on charges of war crimes,crimes against humanity and genocide in connection with atrocities in the western region of Darfur.The ICC has since issued two arrest warrants against him.
  5. In 2010,Omar al-Bashir was re-elected.Further in 2011,southern Sudan backed splitting from the north Sudan in a referendum which led to the creation of the world’s youngest country.The 2011 secession of South Sudan deprived Sudan of the majority of its oil revenues and led to high inflation and widespread shortages.
  6. ICC is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal headquartered in The Hague,Netherlands.ICC has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for (a)international crimes of genocide (b)crimes against humanity (c)crime of aggression and (d)war crimes.India is not a signatory to the Rome Statute.