Supreme Court pulls up Kerala for denying relief to Endosulfan victims

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  1. The Supreme Court has directed the Kerala government to pay compensation to four minors who were victims of the endosulfan tragedy.
  2. The case relates to the victims who were reported to be affected in Kerala’s Kasaragod district after Endosulfan was aerially sprayed by state owned company on cashew plantations.
  3. Endosulfan is an organochlorine insecticide which was first introduced in the 1950s and is commonly known by its trade name Thiodan.
  4. Endosulfan is sprayed on crops like cotton, cashew, fruits, tea, paddy, tobacco for control of pests such as whiteflies, aphids, beetles, worms among others.
  5. Endosulfan has been banned in over 80 nations due to its high toxicity, potential for bioaccumulation and role as an endocrine disruptor.
  6. The Supreme Court in India had banned the manufacture, sale, use, and export of endosulfan throughout the country citing its harmful health effects.