News: Human Rights Day is celebrated every year on 10th December
About Human Rights Day
- Human Rights Day marks the day on which the United Nations General Assembly, in 1948, adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).
- The theme for 2019 Human Rights Day is – Youth Standing up for Human Rights.
About the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
- The UDHR urges member nations to promote a number of human, civil, economic and social rights. It is not legally binding.
- The Declaration has served as the foundation for two binding UN human rights covenants: the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
- These treaties were adopted in 1966, and, together with the UDHR, are known as the International Bill of Human Rights.
About the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)
- It is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system made up of 47 States. It was established in 2006 and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
- It is responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the world.
- UNHRC member states are elected yearly by the General Assembly for staggered three-year terms.
- Members are selected via the basis of equitable geographic rotation. Council seats are allocated to the five regional groups as follows:
- African States:
- Asia-Pacific States:
- Eastern European States:
- Latin American and Caribbean States:
- Western European and other States: