Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill
2019 aims at the social, economic and educational empowerment of transgender
Under the bill, transgender persons are defined
as those “whose gender does not match the gender assigned to that person at
birth and includes trans-men or trans-women, persons with intersex variations,
gender-queers, and persons having socio-cultural identities”
According to the bill, a person would have the
right to choose to be identified as a man, woman or transgender, irrespective
of sex reassignment surgery and hormonal therapy.
It also requires transgender persons to go
through a district magistrate and district screening committee to get certified
as a transperson.
It also states that the government, through an
insurance scheme, will cover medical expenses for sex reassignment surgery,
hormonal therapy, laser therapy or any such health related expenses of
The Bill prohibits any person or establishment
from discriminating against a transgender person in any way.
It has also proposed establishing a National
Council for Transgender persons. The Council would advise the central
government on related policies and legislation and also act as a centre for
Few of the provisions of the Bill has raised
concerns among the transgender community. The features of the bill which have
been criticised are: