- Pakistan has failed in its efforts to seek international mediation and intervention in its campaign against India’s move to revoke provisions of Article 370 and bifurcate Jammu & Kashmir into two Union territories.
- United Nations has also virtually rejected the Pakistan argument that India had carried out an illegal annexation of J&K which was a material change of the situation and a contravention of UNSC Resolution 47 of 1948.
- The UNSC 47 adopted on 21 April 1948 concerns the resolution of the Kashmir conflict.
- The resolution recommended a three-step process for the resolution of the dispute which are (a)Pakistan was asked to withdraw all its nationals from Kashmir (b)India was asked to progressively reduce its forces to the minimum level required for law and order and (c)India was asked to appoint a plebiscite administrator nominated by the United Nations who would conduct a free and impartial plebiscite.
- However,India informed the UN that Article 370 was incorporated into the Indian Constitution in 1954,six years after the UNSC resolution 47 and was revoked in 2019.Both happened after the UNSC resolution so if the first did not signal a material change neither could the second.
- The UN Secretary-General has also recalled the 1972 Agreement on bilateral relations between India and Pakistan also known as the Simla Agreement.
- The Shimla agreement states that the final status of Jammu & Kashmir is to be settled by peaceful means in accordance with the UN Charter.
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